PRP Injections PLATELET RICH PLASMA THERAPY USING ACP:
What is Autologous Conditioned Plasma Therapy (ACP)?
ACP or Autologous Conditioned Plasma is an “autologous conditioned blood therapy” that uses a patient’s own blood components to stimulate a healing response in damaged tissues. In response to an injury or tissue damage, your body naturally recruits platelets and white blood cells from the blood to initiate a healing response. Under normal conditions, platelets store numerous growth factors which are released in response to signals from the injured tissue.
Modern technology allows us to concentrate platelets and white blood cells from your blood, and induce this growth factor release as we inject the solution directly into injured tissue, simulating this same healing response in a more powerful form. By enhancing the body’s natural healing capacity, the treatment may lead to a more rapid, more efficient, and more thorough restoration of the tissue to a healthy state.
What conditions can be treated with PRP?
PRP stem cell therapy for knees is one of the more popular uses for this treatment, but it’s also effective for:
- Knee and Ankle Pain
- Achilles Tendon Tendinitis and Partial Tears
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Shin Splints
- Peroneal tendonitis
- Posterior Tibial tendonitis
- Ankle Sprains
Following a formal evaluation and diagnostic workup, an individualized treatment plan will be discussed with you. A full explanation of the procedure including risks and benefits will be reviewed. Once written consent is obtained, blood is drawn from your arm and placed in a special processing unit, which separates platelets, white blood cells and serum from red blood cells. The platelets and white blood cells are then concentrated and collected into a sterile syringe. Some of the blood is used to create an “activator” of the PRP. The skin and soft tissue is anesthetized with local anesthetic, followed by injection of both the PRP and activator into the tissue targeted for treatment. Depending on the size of the injured tissue, one or several needles are inserted to optimize placement of the PRP.
Depending on the severity and duration of your injury, one to three PRP injections are suggested. Following the initial treatment with PRP, a follow up visit occurs 2-3 weeks later. At this visit an evaluation of your response to the initial therapy is performed and a decision is made regarding the need for additional PRP treatments. In general, chronic injuries require more than one injection. In both acute and chronic injuries, injections may be combined with an exercise or physical therapy program to enhance the success of the treatment.
Are PRP injections safe?
Research and clinical data show that PRP injections are extremely safe, with minimal risk for any adverse reaction or complication. Because PRP is produced from your own blood, there is no concern for rejection or disease transmission. There is a small risk of infection from any injection into the body, but this is rare. Of note, recent research suggests that PRP may have an anti-bacterial property which protects against possible infection.
What to expect after your treatment:
Often, following the initial injection, an “achy” soreness is felt at the site of injury. This “soreness” is a positive sign that a healing response has been set in motion. This effect can last for several days and gradually decreases as healing and tissue repair occurs. It is important that anti-inflammatory medications such as Ibuprofen, Naproxen and Aspirin be avoided following PRP treatments. These medicines may block the effects of the intended healing response facilitated by the injection itself. It is acceptable to use over the counter pain medication, such as Tylenol and in some cases a prescribed analgesic, which does not have anti-inflammatory properties, to control discomfort as needed. Pain management options will be discussed with you by the physician managing your treatment plan. In addition, you will need to walk with a small “boot walker” for 10-14 days after the injection to rest the treated area. You will be permitted to resume normal day to day activities and light exercise soon following the injection.
How do I find out if PRP is right for me?
Questions regarding PRP or your candidacy for the treatments can be addressed to Dr. Cottom. He can be reached at 941-924-8777